BOSNIA SETS DEADLINES FOR NEW PARLIAMENTS
Deadlines to form cantonal, entity and state-level assemblies were set on November 10, when the Central Electoral Commission, CIK, published the confirmed results of the general elections held last month.
The CIK on Monday gave the winning parties ten days to form the ten cantonal assemblies in Bosnia's Federation entity.
Bosnia's two entities were given 20 days to finish the formation of assemblies and the state-level parliament 30 days.
Amir Zukic, of the [Bosniak] Party of Democratic Action, SDA, which won the most votes in six of the 10 cantons, said they were trying to find partners among other parties to form working majorities.
“Even before the official results were published, we tried to find interlocutors who were ready to make a turn in politics,” Zukic said.
While he said his party respected the set deadline to form the cantonal assemblies, he could not guarantee it would be honoured in the four cantons where the Croatian Democratic Union, HDZ, was the winner. “Where the SDA has power, we can finish the task,” he said.
The SDA and HDZ, as the two parties which won most votes among Bosniaks and Croats respectively, met last week and agreed to work in coalition in the cantons, entities and at state level.
However, the HDZ has also agreed to work with the main Serbian party, the Alliance of Independent Social Democrats, SNSD, while the SDA has signed a coalition deal with the opposition Serbian bloc led by the Serbian Democratic Party, SDS.
The HDZ president, Dragan Covic, said that whichever party formed the entity government in the Republika Srpska would be its partner.
The ruling SNSD has said it intends to form the entity government, and, with two other smaller parties, has a majority of 42 out of 83 seats in the entity assembly.
However, the opposition SDS-led bloc still claims it can gather a majority, counting on one of the parties of the ruling bloc defecting to their side.
The Assembly of Republika Srpska, NSRS, could be formed by the end of this month, the speaker, Igor Radojicic said.
He said this could be done on November 26, if the SNSD has a majority.
In the Federation entity, the speaker of the House of Representatives, Mira Grgic, said she also expected this chamber to be formed by the end of November.
However, the formation of the other chamber in the entity, the House of Peoples, would depend on the situation with the cantonal assemblies, she noted. Matters could be delayed if “unsatisfied political subjects create deadlock” there, she warned.
Several senior politicians have recently said that the work of forming executive governments should be complete by February or March 2015, noting that the legal deadlines set by the CIK refer only to the assemblies.
Stjepan Mikic, the President of CIK, said that Bosnia's new tripartite Presidency would be inaugurated next week, seven days after the official results.
The Serbian member, Mladen Ivanic, won with 317,799 votes, the Bosniak member, Bakir Izetbegovic, won 247,235 votes and the Croat member, Dragan Covic, won 128,053 votes.
The parties winning most seats in the state-level parliament were, from the Federation, the SDA, the Democratic Front, the Alliance for a Better Future and the HDZ. In the Republika Srpska, the main victorious parties were the SNSD and the opposition SDS.
Elvira M. Jukic, BIRN, Sarajevo