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Centre of National Security and Foreign Policy Researches|07 Mart 2018 Wednesday

Acquittance and Politisation of PKK via PYD/YPG

Cahit Armağan Dilek tarafından yazıldı.

Projects regarding the blockade of USA and Russia oriented to Turkey with allied assaults of terrorist organisations and the re-mapping of the regions are publicly conducted. Unfortunate it is that the decision makers and the experts cannot foresee the upcomings despite the scenarios and obvious attacks, understand the ultimate goals of other actors and thus, they are unable to develop a strategy.

Current situation demonstrates the statings of transient and overdue commentaries of  accusations and rendering it to people as if it is a major entity. While these analysis are performed, the arrow has already been casted by others and in the meanwhile the situation becomes a lot more complex and unpredictable for us.

In this context, I’d like to underline an issue which is written by some journals. According to the lobby of Ankara, the rumour has it that the western terror organisations, particularly the ones of USA; YPG and PYD are on to a new plan in order to  ease up the pressure and to evade the problems caused by PKK. If this is news to the government’s agenda, it is already late overdue and to experts that are now planning to discuss it; top of the morning to you…

The regular readers of my articles and the audiences of the TV shows I appeared as a guest speaker would know very well that I have remarked the new period would commence with the occupation of Mousul in June 2014 of DAESH and did mention over and over again that this would construct the substructure of negotiations with PKK.

In October 2014, when the tacit approval of Turkey regarding the airborne military support in Ayn al-ʿArab (Kobanî) was received and on 29 October 2014, when the Peshmerga -whose militants were not clearly identified- was permitted to cross the Turkish borders to support the PYD/YPG in Kobanî, we did explain that this would lead up to military support to PKK and furthermore characterize PKK as one of the combatants against DAESH and benevolent of west from the threat of DAESH.

On 22 February 2015, during the Euphrates Shield Operation, although it cannot be addressed as an absolute cooperation with PYD, we did reflect the fact that according to the Consensus of İncirlik of 23 July 2015, the airborne support to YPG fighting against DAESH from the combat planes of other countries that took off from the Turkish bases would make Turkey a part of the endorsement.

I’d like to underline the remarks in the artlicle of  ‘‘TAKING OUT PKK OF TERRRIST ORGANIZATINS LIST AND PUT IN POLITICAL PROCESS’ of 25 December 2015.

‘‘... The policies of all countries and the UN’s of which we are trying to be a member was truly important but the policies of USA, as the governors of Turkey would refer as strategic partner or model, was vital. USA included PKK into ‘The List of Designated Terrorist Groups’’ in 1997. Under various bilateral and trilateral discussions, within the scope of launched cooperations of fight against terrorism with USA, intelligence informations were mutually effectuated. On 05 November 2007, after the Bush-Erdoğan summit in Washington, PKK was declared as ‘‘common enemy’’ yet not a single bullet to PKK was fired from the arms of USA.

It is clearly visible that after the solution process with PKK in 2013 and glorification of PKK as a protector and saviour in the western perspective in respect to the fight against DAESH in June 2015, USA itself publicly verged to recognize PKK as a ‘civil society organization’. To make matters worse, starting from Ayn al-ʿArab (Kobanî),USA clarified armament support was effectuated to Syrian section PYD/YPG (on the grounds that these terror organizations were not listed as designated terror groups by USA) and on 30 July 2015, while reviewing the PKK assaults and the operations of Turkish Armed Forces, the White House spokesperson Josh Earnest described the happening as ‘‘the clash between Turks and some Kurds’’ during his reviews and later on, as many of the authorities of USA did, he recommended Turkish government to restart the negotiation processes with PKK.

Within this framework, it’d be best to remark the identical perspectives of our so-called ‘European allies’  with two examples. The German Chancelor Merkel’s statement on 18 October 2015 during her state visit to Turkey: ‘‘... After elections, we’d would like the reawakening of the subject of peace with Kurds …’’. If there is a peace to be reawakened, then there is war, thus Merkel means Turkey (so the Turks) are waging war against Kurds. This comprehension, which is dominant throughout the European countries, is also an expression of recognition PKK as the representative of the Kurds.  Needless to mention the attitude of France since with the statements concerning advocation of the rights of the Kurds clearly demonstrates the backing up of PKK. One of the solid examples of this is the hosting of PKK’s Syrian section PYD/YPG leaders in Presidential Palace in Paris.

Concordantly, one of the attention-grabbing discourses was stated by Carter, USA’s Secretary of Defence. In a particular point about strategy against DAESH of his statement in the American Senate, which did not take any place in the Turkish media, there was a vital indication line about USA’s attitude towards PKK. While Carter was expressing Turkeys operations were to be centered on PKK compared to DAESH, he stated ‘‘PKK is a terror organisation within Turkish borders’’. In other words, Carter meant ‘‘Only Turkey acknowledges PKK as a terror organisation and fight against them in their soil however outside of their borders -in Iraq and Northern Syria- we do not acknowledge PKK/PYD as a terror organisation, they are formations fighting against DAESH’’ and to sum up, it is clarified why USA and the west is objecting to Turkeys cross-border operations.

Presently, while keeping in mind of Carters ‘‘PKK is a terror organisation within Turkish borders’’ remark with recalling the the statements of USA’s Department of State spokesperson, let’s try to comprehend that if in reality, USA acknowledges PKK as a terror organisation within Turkish borders or not by  taking a couple of steps ahead. During the daily press briefing of 21 December, Department of State spokespersons response concerning the the terror actions in the south-eastern Turkey and the operations of Turkish Armed Forces was ‘‘for the achievement of perpetual and sustainable peace for all Turkish citizens, we hope to see the pledges directed to reawakening of political continuum between the Turkish government and the PKK’’.  No matter what the perspective is, it is obvious to see that this statement is opposed to Turkish Republic.

According to the American legislation, it is strictly illicite to confer or negotiate with terror organisations and even further, with the constant propaganda publicity of ‘Hollywood’, the perception of zero tolerance on counterterrorism is always tried to be propagated. As things stand, for USA, only the ones that are threat to USA can be terror organisations and others, like PKK, are leverages of American politics. In the mentioned position, USA is seeking the reawakening of ‘‘political continuum between Turkey and PKK, a terror organisation as recognized by Turkey and furthermore, an organisation that is indicated in the International Designated Terror Organisation list of USA. The officers from USA and the west generally referred to what the Turkish government referred as ‘Solution Process’ as ‘Peace Process’ and did request the Turkish government to return to the negotiation climate with PKK; however, perhaps for the very first time, the Department of the State of USA did address the mentioned process as the ‘‘Political Process’’. Additionally, the lines including bringing ‘‘the peace’’ in the statement of the American spokesperson demonstrates an acceptance of war between PKK and the Turkish government, rather than carrying out a counter terrorism operation. Such perception is the utmost evidence of USA’s point of view regarding the recognition of PKK as a political organisation that is fighting for the rights of the Kurds.

On the same subject, another appeal came from the UN. The statements from the UN (High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Federica Mogherini) related to the terrorist actions in the south-east and military operations had a call to action for ‘‘the sides carrying the political responsibility to an immediate ceasefire and recommencement of the peace process’’. The mentioned expression described the sides of the process as political responsibles thus as a side of the process, PKK is recognized as a political actor.

A notice of recent vintage in respect to Europe and UN should also be noted; suspension of financial aid to Turkey from UN funds in the parliament of Holland in consequence of executed operations aimed at PKK. This perception, rather than acknowledging Turkeys conducted operations as counterterrorism operations, is an emerging issue that might clear the way for large scaled sanctions to Turkey by the west in response to protecting Kurds on the grounds of affiliating the conducted operations towards PKK as if they were conducted towards Kurds in the following days. Tout court, this means the west does not acknowledge PKK as a terror organisation and embrace PKK as the representative of Kurds.

Adjuvant to our prediction, another crucial news was advertised by NATO. During the conference on the NATO’s support package to Turkey apropos the airspace patrol against a Russian threat on the Syrian border, the press release concerning the offstage indoctrinations of diplomatic representatives of member countries of NATO in reference to reawakening the negotiations with PKK demonstrates the mainstream standpoint in NATO is far from acknowledging PKK as a terror organisation. Furthermore, the fact that - with Turkeys motion about the Suruç assault in July 2015 and one officer in the forces being martyred in Ceylanpınar- after the conferences, the condemnation from NATO and statements from the officials of NATO not mentioning the name PKK verifies our prediction.

At this stage, let us try to comprehend the perspective of the west concerning the current situation in Turkey through the precedent of Syria. As it is well known, today there are many initiatives in order to end the civil war happening in Syria and these are reflected to the international arena as the recommencement of political process (conotationally assignation and implication of actors to the system who will be in the Syrian governance) or as recommencement of peace parleys. Let alone in this example same definitions put to use apropos the issues in Turkey as they were used in Syrian issues, or to say, the usage of ‘peace process’ or ‘political process’ clearly reveals the perspective of USA and Europe in reference to the position and state of PKK.

Of course, while these remarks and notes were disserted more than two years ago, evaluating, commenting and reporting it as if everything is just starting is shortsightedness and the lack of strategy.

The newly emerging alliance of USA-Turkey from the last state visit of USA’s Secretary of State to Turkey on 15/16 February 2018 is unfortunately an indication for implementing the acquittance of PKK procedure over PYD/YPG. In regard to this, a new mechanism should be formed in order to manage the current occurrences in the northern Syria.  It must be kept in mind that the mechanisms do outspeak yet lack the ability to engage in solid actions.

Related to fight against PKK, the bilateral mechanism with USA which then became trilateral with the inclusion of Iraq and finally, quatrolateral with Barzani as part of Iraq after 2003 resulted in solution process; same occurrence is accepted about the Syria as well. As they can enforce the acceptance of the east side of Euphrates, the mentioned mechanisms will also clear the way for the embracement of YPG/PYD. Mattis’ highly mocked of its absurdance speach about causing a fight between YPG and PKK was certainly not an arbitraire discourse. The USA’s threat assesment of 2018 defining YPG as the ‘militant force’ of PYD which is the Syrian section of PKK is the solid indicator of soon-to-be acquitted of PKK over PYD/YPG. In addition to all of these, it’d be reasonable to discuss some verbalised expressions in the domestic affairs in Turkey where the elections will soon be held.  Eventually, the mechanisms which will be built in respect to Syria will not be any different than the ones built in Iraq. Turkey does not have any more endurance left to be deceived yet again.

The paragraph above is truly crucial; each clause can be interpreted in details. When the time comes, we can explain them in other articles and if the officials are interested in, we might as well narrate our thoughts. However, the essence of the matter is that the acquittance process of PKK gained speed when DAESH was ipso facto manifested in June 2014. In the sake of realizing that, PKK’s Syrian section PYD/YPG is put to use. Without a doubt, it should be understood that the root of all evil is the process of negotiation/solution with PKK in January 2013. Turkey is gathering steam towards a deception which will not only influence Turkey from the northern Syria, but also affect the inland politics negatively. This is of course the acquittance of PKK via PYD/YPG, delisting PKK from the Designated Terror Groups and take a spot on the board of negotiation which is of course actively participating in the political process. The fund of knowledge and corporate decision-making process to be implemented of Turkey possess the adequate faculty to avoid the mentioned threats. Responsibles who did not notice our early remarks; kindly avoid the submittance of these mistakes which then might be our final remarks.

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