INCEK DEBATES ‘Is there a lasting solution to the Question of Cyprus?’
21. Yüzyıl Türkiye Enstitüsü tarafından yazıldı.
‘Is there a lasting solution to the Question of Cyprus?’
Wednesday, 15 March 2017, 14:00-16:30
Professor Hüseyin Bağcı
Yusuf Kanlı, journalist
Dr Ergun Mengi, Commodore (ret’d)
Dr Haldun Solmaztürk (Chair)
Venue: 21st Century Turkey Institute Ahlatlıbel Mah. 1830. Sokak No.39 06805 Incek Çankaya Ankara
The Republic of Cyprus came into existence when the island gained independence from Britain in 1960. It was based on the Zurich-London Agreements of 1959-1960, supplemented by ‘Three-T’ treaties. Three countries, Turkey, Greece and the United Kingdom guaranteed the Constitution—and the constitutional order—of the Republic of Cyprus through the Treaty of Establishment, the Treaty of Guarantee and the Treaty of Alliance. Constitutional order collapsed in December 1963 when Greek Cypriots attempted to change the constitutional arrangements—based on the political equality of Turkish and Greek Cypriots—by force. The Turkish community was saved by the intervention of the Turkish Forces Regiment (stationed in Cyprus) and show of force by Turkish Air Forces.
United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) was deployed in 1964. UNFICYP is the third longest-serving UN force, after United Nations Truce Supervision Organisation (Middle East 1948) and United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (Kashmir 1949). Despite the presence of UNFICYP, Turks endured a life of open prison in isolated villages in a divided island for about 11 years. When the military junta in Athens attempted to annex the Island to Greece by a military coup in 1974, Turkey intervened unilaterally and invaded Cyprus. This intervention was based on its treaty obligation to reconstitute the constitutional order. Other guarantor, the United Kingdom refused to intervene.
Since 1963 numerous attempts to arrive at a resolution of this long-standing question failed. As the current round of ‘talks’ also gives unpromising signs, Incek Debate will discuss, on Wednesday 15 March 2017, if ‘there is a lasting solution to the Question of Cyprus’, focusing on the major obstacles blocking a solution for over 50 years.
- Prof Bağcı is a professor in International Relations Department of the Middle East Technical University (METU) in Ankara. He teaches, lectures and publishes extensively on international security, Turkish foreign policy and international relations in general.
- Yusuf Kanlı is a senior columnist in Hürriyet Daily News, the leading English-language daily in Turkey. He writes extensively on international relations, Turkey’s foreign policy and Cyprus question.
- Dr Mengi retired from the Turkish Navy in 2007, at the rank of Commodore. He holds PhD in International Relations from Ankara University.
Incek Debates are held in English with a multinational audience, open to public. However ADVANCE REGISTRATION—subject to availability of seats—is kindly required. Please note that, due to seating limitations, only one representative from each institute/embassy can be registered.
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